United States: circa 1810. Single sheet, measuring 15.5 x 10 inches, folded in half to produce a writing surface of 7.75 x 10 inches. Calligraphic manuscript featuring a double-ruled hand-colored border topped by a hand-colored pen-and-ink drawing of a winged angel. Signed “Lewis C. Vaughan’s” at lower right. Light edgewear, short split to fold.
Early American juvenile manuscript, probably a French lesson, featuring three thematically unrelated French sentences penned in a careful hand within a decorated calligraphic border: the first sentence lists the seven “couleurs primitives” identified by Isaac Newton; the second lists major imports to Europe from the New World; the third describes the construction of the Briare Canal, which connects the basins of the Loire and the Seine. The schoolboy author is most likely the Lewis C. Vaughan born in Delaware on June 10, 1798. This sheet's watermark – “S & C” within a five-pointed star -- identifies it as a product of the Pennsylvania paper mill founded by John Shryock and Thomas Johns in 1808. A handsome artifact of early American education.